Tag Archives: Gothic quarter

Basílica de Santa Maria del Pi by neobit

Basílica de Santa Maria del Pi is a 14th-century Gothic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the Plaça del Pi, in the Barri Gòtic district of the city.
There are unsubsantiated claims that there was an early Christian church on the site in 413. However it is known that in 987 there existed a church outside the city walls and to the west of Barcelona. This was a small Romanesque church dedicated to the Blessed Lady of the Pine Tree (one of the titles of the Virgin Mary). The church was built between 1319 and 1391. The style of the church was Catalan Gothic, with a single nave almost devoid of ornamentation. However in 1936 the church was gutted by a fire and was later restored.
The floor plan of the church comprises a single nave made up of seven rectangular sections, each covered with a vaulted ceiling and with side-chapels placed between the supporting pillars. The interior length of the nave is 54 metres, the width is 16.5 metres and the height is 12.2 metres. The fire of 1936 destroyed the high altar, the altarpiece, the statues, the choir stalls from 1868 and the organ created in 1808 by Johan de Kyburz.
The high altar is made of alabaster and is the work of Joaquim de Ros i de Ramis. It was installed in 1967.
In the presbytery is a statue of Santa Maria del Pi, 3.3 metres high, created in 1973 by sculptor Enric Monjo.
The original Baroque choir stalls dated from 1771 and were designed by Josep Mas i Dordal. In 1868 these were replaced by neo-gothic stalls, which were destroyed in the fire of 1936. In 1986 the previous baroque stalls were re-instated.
The original stained-glass windows have not survived. The oldest of those that exist now date from 1718. Of these, the window depicting the Adoration of the Magi (above the Door of Avemaria) is the work of Antoni Viladomat.

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Saló de Cent – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

This hall was meant to be a meeting room for the Council of One Hundred Jurors. It was designed by the master builder Pere Llobet in 1369. A marble tablet located at the far end informs us that King Peter m celebrated his first meeting here with the Council of One Hundred on August 17,1373. Originally a rectangular hall was planned, covered by a flat beamed ceiling, divided by two stone arches. Light filtered in through one huge stained glass rose window and several smaller ones. This magnificent room underwent several reforms in the course of time which modified its original physiognomy, adding some elements or restoring others, as occurred after the bombing in 1842 that caused serious damage. The most recent reform took place in the first years of the 20th century when the gothic seats were constructed and an alabaster altarpiece was designed by Enric Monserdá. It depicts the city coat of arms flanked by two mace-bearers and sculptures of Joan Fiveller, St. Andrew, the Virgin of Mercy, St. Eulalia, the Book of Privileges and Rafael Casanova.
On the walls are sculptures of King James I and St. George, works of Manuel Fuxá. The floor tiles are decorated with symbols of the guilds and with the city coat of arms.
At the far end is the magnificently decorated door to the “Trentenari” (Hall of Thirty).

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Saló de Cent – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

This hall was meant to be a meeting room for the Council of One Hundred Jurors. It was designed by the master builder Pere Llobet in 1369. A marble tablet located at the far end informs us that King Peter m celebrated his first meeting here with the Council of One Hundred on August 17,1373. Originally a rectangular hall was planned, covered by a flat beamed ceiling, divided by two stone arches. Light filtered in through one huge stained glass rose window and several smaller ones. This magnificent room underwent several reforms in the course of time which modified its original physiognomy, adding some elements or restoring others, as occurred after the bombing in 1842 that caused serious damage. The most recent reform took place in the first years of the 20th century when the gothic seats were constructed and an alabaster altarpiece was designed by Enric Monserdá. It depicts the city coat of arms flanked by two mace-bearers and sculptures of Joan Fiveller, St. Andrew, the Virgin of Mercy, St. Eulalia, the Book of Privileges and Rafael Casanova.
On the walls are sculptures of King James I and St. George, works of Manuel Fuxá. The floor tiles are decorated with symbols of the guilds and with the city coat of arms.
At the far end is the magnificently decorated door to the “Trentenari” (Hall of Thirty).

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Saló de la Reina Regent – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

Room of the Queen Regent

Situated next to the “Saló de Cent”, it was designed by Francesc Daniel Molina in 1860. At present it used for plenary meetings. Shaped in the form of a semicircle, the ceiling is half-dome with a stained glass covering.
The presidential table is surrounded by 50 seats divided in two blocks, and there are two galleries for the public and the press. The room is decorated with two bronze candelabra, a portrait of Maria Cristina, the Queen Regent, and her son Alfonso XIII as a child, a bust of King Jan Carlos I, and in the niches, two marble statues depicting St. George and St. Eulalia by Josep Viladomat.

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Saló de la Reina Regent – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

Room of the Queen Regent

Situated next to the “Saló de Cent”, it was designed by Francesc Daniel Molina in 1860. At present it used for plenary meetings. Shaped in the form of a semicircle, the ceiling is half-dome with a stained glass covering.
The presidential table is surrounded by 50 seats divided in two blocks, and there are two galleries for the public and the press. The room is decorated with two bronze candelabra, a portrait of Maria Cristina, the Queen Regent, and her son Alfonso XIII as a child, a bust of King Jan Carlos I, and in the niches, two marble statues depicting St. George and St. Eulalia by Josep Viladomat.

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Escala d’Honor – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

The Staircase of Honour

This staircase leads from the ground floor vestibule to the Gothic Gallery and the “Saló de Cent”. On the way up we find the city coat of arms in stone which was originally located at the old Gate of St. Antoni. Two tapestries “of the Councillors” depict the protection provided by the “Consell de Cent” to the citycrafts such as glassmaking: and foreign trade.

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Saló de Cròniques – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

Hall of Chronicles
Noteworthy for its walls decorated by Josep Maria Sert.
Its name refers to the histones or chronicles written by Ramon Muntaner and Bernat Desclot which were used by the painter to learn about Roger de Flor’s expedition to the Orient in the 14th century. Different episodes of the campaign can be seen, such as Roger de Flor’s offer of help to the Emperor Andronicus, the conquest of Artaki, the Greeks paying the soldiers with false coins, the “desperta ferro”
(Catalan battle cry), the defence of Gallipoli, the two aforementioned chroniclers, King Peter m, the taking of the Acropolis in Athens, the assassination of Roger de Flor, the Catalan vengeance and the triumphant boarding of the ships in the Bosphorus. The ceiling depicts the defence of the tower of Adrianopolis.
The paintings were done in oil on canvas previously covered with gold and silver leaf.

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L’escala Negra – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

The Black Staircase

So named because of the colour of the marble used to build it. At the top of it is a sculpture by Josep Viladomat, named La bona acolida and a large mural by Miquel Viladrich (1930). The mural depicts people dressed in the traditional costumes of the different areas of Catalonia, typical products from the country and the symbols alluding to the poem Canigó by Jacint Verdaguer, to folk songs and to other motifs associated with Catalonia and its traditions.

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Capella del Bon Consell – Ajuntament de Barcelona by neobit

Capilla del Buen Consejo con la imagen de la Virgen de Montserrat presidiéndola.

De la Capilla del Buen Consejo, se tiene noticia que la primera fue construida entre los años 1379 y 1408, solo se conserva la puerta y el escudo con las armas del ayuntamiento. En cuanto al interior no se tiene noticia de su decoración pero sí del retablo de la Virgen dels Consellers, que fue encargado el 4 de septiembre de 1443 al pintor valenciano Lluís Dalmau haciendo constar en el contrato que sería:
“De bona fusta de roure de Flandes ben endrapat e enguixat.”
El 27 de noviembre se encargó a Francisco Gomar la ejecución del trabajo de la parte en madera del retablo.
La actual capilla, encargada siendo alcalde de la ciudad José María de Porcioles, está situada al lado del salón de las Crónicas y es de dimensiones muy reducidas. La decoración se encargó al escultor Enric Monjo en el año 1958, inaugurándose en 1966. Preside la capilla la imagen de la Virgen de Montserrat de talla policromada y en su peana el escudo de la ciudad, sobre ella hay un crucifijo de marfil y en el gran plafón central unos grupos de imágenes representando las autoridades y los personajes tradicionales del pueblo, haciendo sus ofrendas a la Virgen. En su parte alta se encuentra el cortejo de los santos barceloneses y mercedarios, como San Olegario, San José Oriol, Santa Eulalia, San Pedro Nolasco y San Raimundo de Peñafort, entre otros. A cada lado se encuentran las cuatro virtudes cardinales, prudencia, justicia, fortaleza y templanza. En las paredes laterales también de alabastro, hay dos grandes retablos, el de la derecha representa la glorificación de la Virgen con devotos a sus pies y unos grandes grupos de ángeles y en el de la pared izquierda, la adoración a Jesús por parte de los reyes magos, pastores etc.
En el techo se aprecia un lucernario con un mosaico que representa el cielo y en su centro la mano de Dios entre las letras alfa y omega a su alrededor hay un conjunto de esculturas en madera de tilo, representando un conjunto de santos y ángeles músicos.

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