Tag Archives: crossing

Crucero de la Catedral de Santa María de Segovia by neobit

[MORE] for English
La Santa Iglesia Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción y de San Frutos de Segovia, conocida como la Dama de las Catedrales por sus dimensiones y su elegancia, es una catedral construida entre los siglos XVI y XVIII, de estilo gótico con algunos rasgos renacentistas. La catedral de Segovia es una de las catedrales góticas más tardías de España y de Europa, erigida en pleno siglo XVI (1525-1577), cuando en la mayor parte de Europa se difundía la arquitectura renacentista.
Destruida la antigua Catedral de Santa María de Segovia en 1521 durante la Guerra de las Comunidades, por su cercanía al Alcázar, el claustro —obra de Juan Guas— y otros elementos fueron trasladados a este lugar. Comenzó su construcción en 1525 según las trazas de Juan Gil de Hontañón; fue financiada por el pueblo segoviano mediante aportaciones de los gremios y sisas del ayuntamiento.
Posee una estructura en tres altas naves y girola, destacando sus hermosas ventanas de complicada y fina tracería calada así como la extraordinaria calidad de los numerosos vitrales. El interior muestra una notable unidad de estilo (gótico tardío), excepto en la cúpula de 1630 y presenta un aspecto imponente y sobrio. Sus bóvedas góticas se elevan a 30 metros de altitud y mide de ancho 50 metros y 109 de longitud. El crucero está cubierto con una cúpula finalizada por Pedro de Brizuela en el siglo XVII. La poderosa torre alcanza casi los 90 metros. El actual chapitel de piedra que corona la torre, data de 1614, erigido luego de un gran incendio originado por una tormenta eléctrica. El chapitel original enteramente gótico construido de madera de caoba americana, de estructura piramidal alcanzaba la mayor altura de España.
Entre las capillas destacan la del Santísimo Sancramento, con un magnífico retablo de José de Churriguera, así como las de San Andrés, con el tríptico flamenco del Descendimiento de Ambrosius Benson; y la del Descendimiento con extraordinario Cristo Yacente, de Gregorio Fernández. El retablo del altar mayor, obra de Francisco Sabatini, está dedicado a la Virgen de la Paz. Le adornan esculturas de los santos segovianos San Frutos, San Geroteo, San Valentín y Santa Engracia. El coro conserva la sillería gótica de la antigua catedral y está flanqueado por dos grandes órganos barrocos, del siglo XVIII. El Museo Catedralicio tiene notables obras artísticas de Pedro Berruguete, Sánchez Coello y Van Orley, entre otros, y el Archivo Catedralicio custodia, entre otros muchos, el Sinodal de Aguilafuente, primer libro impreso en España.
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The massive cathedral was built between 1525-1577 in a late Gothic style, outdated elsewhere in Europe. The previous cathedral of Segovia had stood adjacent to the Alcazar, and had been used by the royal armies in defending the latter against siege. The rebellious Comuneros were intent on taking the Cathedral to protect its holy relics, and to use its position against the walls of the Alcazar in order to defeat its defenders. In a famous exchange, prominent city officials urged the comuneros to halt their attacks on the church, saying they should consider the injustice of razing so sumptuous a temple while making war against those who, serving their king, defended his Alcazar. But their plea fell on deaf ears, and the comuneros replied: la Iglesia era de la Ciudad (the Church belonged to the City).[1] After a bitter siege lasting months, the cathedral lay in ruins.
Overall view of the Cathedral of Segovia, Castilla y Léon, Spain and the surrounding Jewish Quarter of the city (la Judería)
Due to fears of a repeat assault, the cathedral was relocated to the present site and built using a design by the Trasmeran mason named Juan Gil de Hontañón, and the work was continued by his son Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón.
The building’s structure features three tall vaults and an ambulatory, with fine tracery windows and numerous stained glass windows. The interior is characterized by unity of style (late Gothic), except for the dome, built around 1630 by Pedro de Brizuela. The Gothic vaults are 33 meters high by 50 meters wide and 105 long. The bell tower reaches almost 90 meters. The current stone spire crowning the tower, dating from 1614, was erected after a major fire caused by a thunderstorm. The original spire, entirely Gothic, was built of American mahogany, had a pyramidal structure, and was the tallest tower in Spain.
Among the most prominent chapels are that of the Santísimo Sacramento, with a Reredo by José de Churriguera, and the Chapel of San Andrés, with a Tryptich of the Deposition by Ambrosius Benson; and the chapel of the Deposition with the recumbent Christ by Gregorio Fernández.

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Above the dome by GiuseppeTorre

A Night shot of the magnificent Millennium Bridge of London.
In the meantime, an helicopter is “closing a circle” over the St.Pauls dome.

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Crucero y cimborrio – Catedral de Santa María de Burgos by neobit

[more for English]
Sobre la intersección de las naves mayor y transversal se levanta el cimborrio del crucero, de cincuenta metros de altura, con doble cuerpo de luces y asombrosa bóveda de estrella calada, que permite el paso de la luz cenital. Lo construyó Juan de Vallejo entre 1540 y 1568 posiblemente inspirado en el anterior que construyeron Juan y Simón de Colonia, terminado hacia 1495 y que se derrumbó en 1539. Aunque fue construido en pleno renacimiento contiene concesiones y recuerdos del gótico tardío, hábilmente armonizados con el perfil gótico de la Catedral. Es todo él un prodigio de escultura, tanto en estatuas exentas como en relieve; más de cien estatuas se distribuyen en todo su ámbito exterior e interior. De él decía Felipe II, absorto en su contemplación , “que más parecía obra de ángeles que de hombres”.
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The dome of the crossing which is about fifty metres high rises up above the intersection of the Great Nave and the Transversal Nave. It has a double body of lights and an amazing pierced stellar vault, which permits the entry of light from above. It was built by Juan de Vallejo between 1540 and 1568 may well have been inspired by an earlier dome built by Juan and Simón de Colonia, which was finished around 1495 and collapsed in 1539. Although it was built in the midst of the Renaissance period, it still makes some concessions to Late Gothic and skilfully blends in with the Gothic profile of the Cathedral. The sculpture-work is awesome, both in terms of free-standing statues and in relief carving; over 100 statues can be seen inside and outside the Cathedral. King Philip II said while rapt in admiration of the building “that it seemed more the work of angels than of men”.

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Following the lights by GiuseppeTorre

The Millennium Bridge of London:

Full of people 24/7, is one of the masterpiece along the Thames.
I love the combination of modern and classic of this corner of London.

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Iron embrace by GiuseppeTorre

Is not easy to catch the bridge (the East “gate” of the city) opened, but when it happens, the steel structures that hold standing seems to move together surrounding the passing ship.

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Black Bridge by xplor-creativity

The “Severinsbrücke” in Cologne, Germany.

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Tower Bridge & The Shard by adrianchandler

A balmy warm summer day in London, they don’t happen too often, so obviously I had to wander down the thames and eat ice cream. I did stop briefly to photograph these two landmarks.

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