The rays of light is not photoshopped in but real, if you had your doubts.
Bergen is a city and municipality on the Bergen Peninsula in Hordaland county on the west coast of Norway. The city was established before 1070 AD. Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland.
As of 2014 the municipal population was 278,900 making it, after Oslo, the second-most populous city in Norway. (The Greater Bergen Region population is 414,000.)
The area covered by the municipality is 465 square kilometres (180 sq mi), and it consists of eight boroughs.
The remains of the quays, Bryggen, is a World Heritage Site.
Bergen is an international centre for aquaculture, shipping, offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology, and a national centre for higher education, tourism and finance. Natives speak a distinctive dialect of Norwegian known as Bergensk. The city has an airport, a light rail system, the Western terminal of the Bergen Line, and Bergen Port—the busiest in Norway; the sea lanes start thru Byfjorden. Bergen is known as the city of the Seven Mountains.
Bergen received status as a city in 1070 AD during king Olav Kyrre’s rule, according to the encyclopedia Store norske leksikon.
“Bergen was founded as a a crossroads for trading sometime during the 1020s or 1030s”, proposes Gitte Hansen’s 2004 Ph.D. dissertation “A king decided at the start of the 11th century, that here a city ought to be”, she said later that year. Furthermore, she said that king Olav Kyrre was not the first king to start building a city.
The city was built on part of a royal estate, Alrekstad.
“The sagas tell that Olav Kyrre built a Christ Church at Holmen (later Bergenshus)”—made of wood—according to the encyclopedia Store Norske Leksikon.
In 1068 the Diocese of Bergen was established.
Around 1100 the export (through Bergen) of dried cod from the northern Norwegian coast started, eventually becoming the principal export traded from Bergen.
Before the year 1110, Munkeliv Abbey was built.
The monarchy moved its quarters from the foot of Mount Ulriken, and at the new location wooden structures were eventually replaced by masonry, i.e. Haakon’s Hall.
In 1163 the city’s cathedral, the Christ Church, was the site of the first royal coronation in Norway.
The bishopric of Selja was moved to Bergen either in 1163 or, together with the relics of Sunniva, in 1170.
In 1181 the Birkebeiner defeated their opponents in the Battle of Bergen during the civil war era in Norway. The present-day neighbourhood Engen was the battlefield for the showdown between king Sverre’s men and the farmers’ army, according to the encyclopedia “Bergen byleksikon”.