Tag Archives: leon

The “Pulchra Leonina” at dusk by javierdb

Leon Cathedral at sunset. // La Catedral de León (“Pulchra Leonina”) al atardecer, desde la plaza de Puerta Obispo.

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Sandoval Monastery by javierdb

Cistercian Monastery of St. Mary of Sandoval (Mansilla Mayor, León, Spain) // Monasterio cisterciense de Santa María de Sandoval (Mansilla Mayor, León, España)

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Zamora by rossendgricasas

La iglesia de Santa María Magdalena, situada en la Rúa de los Francos, el eje viario de la urbe medieval, es por su monumentalidad una de las más destacadas de la ciudad de Zamora. No hay constancia cierta de la fecha de su construcción, si bien se la cita en un documento de 1157 por el que la hermana de Alfonso VII, doña Sancha, realiza una donación a la catedral zamorana. También se hace referencia a esta iglesia en el Fuero dado a la ciudad de Zamora por Fernando II, luego confirmado por Alfonso IX. En su construcción debió intervenir el maestro Giral Fruchel, el mismo a quien se atribuye la parte románica de la catedral de Ávila, quien hizo una legación testamentaria a favor de Santa María Magdalena. Se trataría, pues, de una edificación de la segunda mitad del siglo XII y principios del XIII.
Se sabe asimismo que en 1248 pertenecía a la Orden del Hospital de San Juan de Jerusalén que la mantuvo en su poder hasta finales del siglo XIX. A partir de 1874 se incorporó a la sede episcopal. Durante todo el siglo pasado ha estado al cuidado de la Comunidad de Siervas de María que ocupó la residencia aneja hasta que hubo de abandonarla en 2005.

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Capilla de la Virgen de la Esperanza- Catedral de León by neobit

Hace pocos años que está presidida por esta imagen de la Virgen de la Esperanza. Es de piedra, esculpida a finales del siglo XIII. Su policromía es posterior. Representa, en realidad, a la Virgen apocalíptica, con el Niño Dios en su vientre, perseguido por el dragón. Pasó en muchas ocasiones a cerrar el árbol de Jesé. Originó, así mismo, el tipo de imágenes llamadas “abrideras”, a modo de tríptico abierto que mostraba el fruto de sus entrañas. Finalmente, era bastante común representarla en el momento de la Anunciación, embarazada también, como creemos que es el caso presente, a juzgar por la filacteria que porta. Es una imagen lograda con gran realismo, muy querida por todos los leoneses.
En las vidrieras hay escenas de la vida de Jesús y de María. Todas ellas sufrieron profunda restauración el siglo pasado. El sepulcro del muro izquierdo pertenece al obispo Diego Ramírez (1344-1354). Expresa la temática funeraria común.
Frente a esta capilla hay un fresco de Nicolás Francés, roto en el siglo XVIII para dar acceso al altar. En el hueco se colocó un lienzo del Ecce Horno, pintado por Neira en 1834. Suponemos que dicho lienzo intentó sustituir al original, en torno al cual se desarrolla toda la escena, que ocurre en el palacio de Pilato, mostrándose en todas las figuras un gran aire cortesano, rayando la caricatura.

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Catedral de León by neobit

The León Cathedral, dedicated to Santa María de la Regla, was declared of Cultural Interest in 1844. It is known as the Pulchra Leonina and is a masterpiece of the Gothic style dominating the mid-13th century, by master architect Enrique. By the late 16th century it was virtually completed.
The main façade has two towers. The southern tower is known as the ‘clock tower’. The interior represents a combination of architecture, painting, sculpture and other arts. The Renaissance retrochoir contains alabaster sculptures and the choir was built by three great artists: Jusquin, Copin of Holland and Juan de Malinas. Particularly noteworthy is the Plateresque screen in the wall behind the sepulchre of King Ordoño.
It has three portals decorated with sculptures situated in the pointed arches between the two towers. The central section has a large rose window. Particularly outstanding is the image of the Virgin Blanca and the Locus Appellatione, where justice was imparted.
Its almost 1,800 square meters of stained glass windows are one of the main touristic attractions of the cathedral. The great majority of them are original, which is a rarity, and date from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. They are among the world’s finest stained glass works.
In the Main Chapel, there is an altarpiece by Nicolás Francés (15th century) and a silver urn containing the relics of San Froilán, the town’s Saint patron, made by Enrique de Arfe. The 13th- to 15th-century cloister contains singular sculpted details in the capitals, friezes and ledges.
The Cathedral Museum houses a large collection of sacred art. There are almost 1,500 pieces, including 50 Romanesque sculptures of the Virgin, dating from pre-historic times to the 18th century (Neoclassicism) with works by Juan de Juni, Gregorio Fernández, Mateo Cerezo, a triptych of the School of Antwerp, a Mozarabic bible and numerous codices.
The Cathedral is also one of the three most important Cathedrals on The Way of Saint James (El Camino de Santiago). Along with The Burgos Cathedral and the Cathedral in Santiago De Compostela, it is visited a lot and it is a holy worshipping place, and very sacred to the people of its city. It is one of the things that makes Leon so famous, and one of the main stops on the camino.

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Catedral de León by neobit

Ordoño II built the temple on the site of his royal palace as a show of gratitude for defeating the Moors at the battle of San Esteban de Gormaz. His remains were buried there. Alfonso V was crowned in this building in 999. The Infanta Doña Urraca, daughter of Fernando I, favoured the construction of a new building in brick and masonry, with three naves terminating in apses. The stained glass in the Cathedral is from the 13th through to the 20th century, and covers an area of 1,765 square metres. Under its floor there are Roman hippocausts which made it difficult to set the foundations of the pillars and caused water filtration.

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Casa Botines by neobit

The Casa Botines (built 1892-1893) is a Modernist building in León, Spain designed by Antoni Gaudí. It was adapted to serve as the headquarters of Caja España, a local savings bank.
While Gaudí was finishing the construction of the Episcopal Palace of Astorga, his friend and patron, Eusebi Güell recommended that he build a house in the center of León. Simón Fernández and Mariano Andrés, the owners of a company that bought fabrics from Güell, commissioned Gaudí to build a residential building with a warehouse. The house’s nickname comes from the last name of the company’s former owner, Joan Homs i Botinàs.
In 1929, the savings bank of León, Caja España, bought the building and adapted it to its needs, without altering Gaudí’s original project.
With the Casa de los Botines, Gaudí wanted to pay tribute to León’s emblematic buildings. Therefore, he designed a building with a medieval air and numerous neo-Gothic characteristics. The building consists of four floors, a basement and an attic. Gaudí chose an inclined roof and placed towers in the corners to reinforce the project’s neo-Gothic feel. To ventilate and illuminate the basement, he created a moat around two of the façades, a strategy that he would repeat at the Sagrada Família in Barcelona.
Gaudí placed the owners’ dwellings on the first floor. These are accessed, respectively, by independent doors in the lateral and back façades. The upper floors house rental property and the lower floor contains the company offices. The building’s principal entrance is crowned by a wrought iron inscription with the name of the company and by a stone sculpture of Saint George show as he is slaying a dragon. During the restoration of the building in 1950, workers discovered a tube of lead under the sculpture containing the original plans signed by Gaudí and press clippings from the era.

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