Located in Normandy, France. It is approximately one kilometre off the country’s northwestern coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches. 100 hectares (247 acres) in size, the island has a population of 44 (2009).
The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times and since the 8th century AD has been the seat of the monastery from which it draws its name. The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that constructed it: on top, God, the abbey and monastery; below, the great halls; then stores and housing; and at the bottom, outside the walls, fishermen’s and farmers’ housing.
The Hooglandse church seen from within the Burcht in my hometown Leiden. The Burcht is one of the only structures of it’s kind left in the Netherlands. The first stone was laid in the 11th century and is situated at the point where the old en new Rhine meet in the city center.