This imposing stoa was constructed by Philippos V of Macedonia in 210 BC, in honour of Apollo. It is 72 metres long and 11 metres wide, and used to be supported by 16 Doric columns.
This dedicatory inscription, “The king of the Macedonians, Philippos, son of the King Demetrios, dadicates this to Apollo”, is still legible.
Delos was in Antiquity famous for its historical cult of Delion Apollon exercised there and from the excavations, the houses, the cobbled streets, temples and public buildings that have survived give us a unique picture of the ancient Greek city as a whole .
Rocky and barren island located between the islands of Mykonos and Rhenia length 5 km and a width of 1300 meters. The highest elevation is the granite mountain Kythnos, who at the foot of the ancient city of Delos was that the excavations have brought to light throughout.
Mythology says that manifested (declared) with a blow of the trident of Neptune on the sea surface and was sailing for a long time, until Zeus anchored to the seabed by a diamond chain to refuge there Leto and lay down a palm two divine children, Artemis and Apollo first after.
After the Persian Wars the island became the natural meeting-ground for the Delian League, founded in 478 BC, the congresses being held in the temple (a separate quarter was reserved for foreigners and the sanctuaries of foreign deities.) The League’s common treasury was kept here as well until 454 BC when Pericles removed it to Athens.
The island had no productive capacity for food, fiber, or timber, with such being imported. Limited water was exploited with an extensive cistern and aqueduct system, wells, and sanitary drains. Various regions operated agoras (markets).
Investigation of ancient stone huts found on the island indicate that it has been inhabited since the 3rd millennium BC. Thucydides identifies the original inhabitants as piratical Carians who were eventually expelled by King Minos of Crete. By the time of the Odyssey the island was already famous as the birthplace of the twin gods Apollo and Artemis (although there seems to be some confusion of Artemis’ birthplace being either Delos or the island of Ortygia).
The Persian Wars reached their end and many greek cities – states wanted a greek alliance that would deter any future external threats. In 478 B.C. 150 greek cities – states signed the founding of the “Delian League” under the leadership of Athens. The treasury of the league stood in Delos and all the meetings of the league took place in the same place. Soon, Athens started to take advantage of the members of the “Delian League” and used them for its financial and political goals. As a result, the league’s treasury was moved to the Acropolis of Athens in 454 B.C.
Juno had encarcered Eileithyia, the godess of births, and she wouldn’t let her go if it weren’t for the other gods who persuaded Eileithyia to leave Mount Olympus and fly to Delos to help Leto. After Eileithyia had arrived, Leto grabbed a palm tree -the only tree on the island- and gave birth to Artemis and Apollo. The two baby gods filled the island with light and Delos became the most worshiped place of the antiquity.
Small Doric temple within a sanctuary shared by the familiar triad Serapis, Isis and Anubis, located on a high terrace by the foothill of Cynthus. Built at the beginning of the 2nd century B.C., it was repaired by the Athenians in 135 B.C. and still contains the cult statue of the goddess. Isis, known by a variety of cult names, gave people good health and fortune and protected the sailors.
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