Bergen is a town and municipality in Hordaland county on the west coast of Norway, surrounded by seven mountains and often referred to as Vestlandets capital. Bergen was according to tradition founded by Olav Kyrre in 1070 with the name Bjørgvin, meaning “the green meadow between the mountains.”
Renaissance monument and royal residence
Close to Håkon’s Hall you will find the Rosenkrantz Tower, which is considered one of the most important renaissance monuments in Norway. Parts of the tower are from the 1270s, but it has been extended on several occasions for the purpose of fortification and as a demonstration of power to the independent-minded Hanseatic traders. If you climb up the narrow and dark flights of steps you can climb right up on to the roof, which still provides impressive views.
The tower was the residence of King Eirik Magnusson, who was the last king to hold court in Bergen, until he died in 1299. Subsequently the tower housed less fortunate residents – the cellar contains the notorious dungeon, which was probably in use from the end of the 15th century until well into the 19th century.