Cadiz’s first bridge, the Carranza bridge, was inaugurated in 1969, and is now crossed by some 40,000 vehicles per day. In 1982 the Spanish government accepted the need for a second bridge.
It will have two 180m pylons, one in the sea and the other in Cabezuelas Harbour, a 540 meters span and a 69 meters of vertical clearance. The bridge also includes a 150 meters removal span. The bridge is actually on service.
It is the second bridge that crosses over to Cádiz from the mainland, after Carranza bridge, and one of the bridges of greater height in Europe with gauge of 69 meters and 5 kilometers in total length. It will be a suspension bridge with large towers: 187 meters of the sea and 181 meters of earth. Its the third access to the city, along with the isthmus San Fernando and said Carranza bridge. Given the large width of the board, it will be a bridge high capacity communications: motorway with two lanes in each direction and two lanes reserved for metropolitan public transport such as the new tram system.
The bill was drafted by the engineer of roads, canals and ports Javier Manterola. The works were scheduled for completion in 2012, coinciding with the bicentenary of the Spanish Constitution of 1812 which was written in Cádiz. However, due to cuts in public works required by the current economic crisis, the work is more than three years late.
In summer 2013 the work had progressed but at a slower pace. Later, since early 2014 the work progressed at a good pace, highlighting the installation of its cable-stayed span and hiring more staff working every day (including night shifts). In the first half of 2015, the bridge structure is completed, providing full completion in September of the same year.
As data highlights:
The earlier draft described a arch bridge whose total length was 2.3 kilometer y 55 meters.
The total length of the current project, viaducts and links is 5 kilometers: 3096 meters on the bridge of which 1655 meters will be over the sea, with a main span of 540 meters record of Spain, with one hundred meters more than the bridge engineer Carlos Fernández Casado, famous engineer of roads, canals and ports, the reservoir Barrios de Luna. Besides the vain is the third largest in Europe suspended class, after Rio-Antirio Bridge and Normandy bridge.
The maximum height above the sea level is 69 meters, with two pylons 187 meters, making it one of the tallest bridges in Europe.
They are 30 meters higher than the pylons between both sides of the Bay.
Connects the neighborhood of San Pedro River to Puerto Real with slum of La Paz of Cadiz.
The Plaza de la Catedral houses both the Cathedral and the Baroque Santiago church, built in 1635.
The church was known as “The Cathedral of The Americas” because it was built with money from the trade between Spain and America. The 18th century was a golden age for Cádiz, and the other cathedral that the city had got, Santa Cruz, was very small for this new moment of Cádiz. The new cathedral was built from 1722 to 1838. The first person who design the church was architect Vicente Acero, who had also built the Granada Cathedral. Acero left the project and was succeeded by several other architects. As a result, this largely baroque-style cathedral was built over a period of 116 years, and, due to this drawn-out period of construction, the cathedral underwent several major changes to its original design. Though the cathedral was originally intended to be a baroque edifice, it contains rococo elements, and was finally completed in the neoclassical style. Its chapels have many paintings and relics from the old cathedral and monasteries from throughout Spain.
In the crypt are buried the composer Manuel de Falla and the poet and playwright José María Pemán, both born in Cádiz.
Levante Tower, one of the towers of Cádiz Cathedral, is open to the public and shows panoramas of the city from on high.