This dedicatory inscription, “The king of the Macedonians, Philippos, son of the King Demetrios, dadicates this to Apollo”, is still legible.
The Theatre built originally of marble and completed in 250 BCE, the theatre was massive, equipped for nearly 7.000 visitors. Although it abandoned in 88 BCE, following an invasion of the island by Mithridates VI of Pontus (r. 120-63 BCE) during the The First Mithridatic War (89-85 BCE), it has long been admired and even imitated.
Rocky and barren island located between the islands of Mykonos and Rhenia length 5 km and a width of 1300 meters. The highest elevation is the granite mountain Kythnos, who at the foot of the ancient city of Delos was that the excavations have brought to light throughout.
Mythology says that manifested (declared) with a blow of the trident of Neptune on the sea surface and was sailing for a long time, until Zeus anchored to the seabed by a diamond chain to refuge there Leto and lay down a palm two divine children, Artemis and Apollo first after.
It is located a few km after Sagri while you will also see a road sign on your left shortly before entering the village. The region is called Gyroulas and the temple, which is dedicated to the goddess Demetra, is one of the most important ancient buildings of Naxos. Built between 530 and 520 B.C and entirely made of white marble, this temple dominates over a rise of a fertile valley. It faces the sea as well as Zas Mountain. In the 6th century the ancient sanctuary was turned into a Christian basilica church.
The island had no productive capacity for food, fiber, or timber, with such being imported. Limited water was exploited with an extensive cistern and aqueduct system, wells, and sanitary drains. Various regions operated agoras (markets).
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